This lack of data has resulted in obvious but important questions going unanswered, including: how frequently these laws are enforced; how the police decide whom to arrest is information on having sex while period in Tennessee what motivates them to act; how prosecutors decide whom to charge and when to allow defendants to plea to a lesser charge; whether characteristics of defendants make them more likely to be charged with HIV-specific offenses; whether characteristics of the complaining witness matter; what proportion of arrests lead to convictions; and whether persons convicted of HIV-specific crimes get harsher sentences than those convicted of other offenses.
In one case, for example, the complaining witness indicated that he became infected and then found out that the defendant had HIV, but filed charges five months later, after the relationship ended. Of these cases, ended in conviction on HIV-related charges. See Table 4. In a fourth case, the officers were aware of the defendant's HIV-positive serostatus because of a prior arrest for violating the HIV exposure statute.
J Law Med Ethics. Consensual unprotected vaginal or anal sex.
Galletly A and Zita Lazzarini b. Those sex offenders being released from prison should register with the Tennessee Department of Correction within 48 hours prior to their release from incarceration. We do not know what impact it had on their families, since some of them are likely parents. First, these laws are ill-suited because the behaviors punished have little to do with transmission risk and are not motivated by criminal intent.
Solicited anal or vaginal sex condom use unspecified. Do criminal laws influence HIV risk behavior? A quantitative study of Michigan's criminal HIV exposure law.
Black defendants were significantly more likely than white defendants to be prosecuted for sexual as opposed to nonsexual exposure, and sexual exposure cases received more severe sentences. HIV transmission is not required for conviction. The development of prosecutorial guidelines might help to focus enforcement of these laws on incidents where an individual acts with intention to transmit HIV to another.
We do not know what impact it had on their families, since some of them are likely parents.