Thus, an offender was not exclusively punished for his first unacceptable acts, but rather the community assumed responsibility for reparation to the victim; all in the village or clan were seen as having contributed to the offence by their own misbehaviour.
They would as men be persuaded to the right. Many Micmac migrated en masse after the British gained irrevocable control of their country. The individual had the liberty to live out his existence with the minimum of interference by persons with authority. The colony changed hands between the French and English six times fromwhen Sir William Alexander was granted the territory by the British Crown, until the Treaty of Utrecht in
Accordingly, the whole community dealt with such behaviour. Strife within a family, however, was left to the head man to handle; this responsibility on occasion led to the heartrending task of having to take the life of a close relative. The local chief attained his position through both hereditary right and meritorious behaviour.
This Manuscript is fifteen years old.
The adulterers were frequently put to death. Certain actions were not actively punished, but the parties quickly received a message of disapproval from their neighbours; sometimes this social ostracism became so great that the offender would emigrate. The Micmac distinguished between murder, manslaughter and accidental death.
If a person was suspected of having a stolen object in his possession, a certain procedure was to be followed. Expulsion is equal to a death sentence. The chieftainship was hereditary, but not automatic, the heir being carefully evaluated.
Is it possible and desirable to have an Indian justice system in Canada?
They also brought strong liquors among us; it was strong and powerful, and has slain thousands. An offender might offer presents to his victim despite other punishment "to remove from the hearts of the victim all the bitterness caused by the crime of which he is guilty.
Once a murderer was identified, it appears that the elders' council and the chief usually passed sentence on behalf of the settlement, demanding a life for a life.